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Byline: Dick Kamuganga
Africa has suffered three problems in its development history: first, the 7th to 19th Century trans-Saharan slave trade depleted the continent's close to 50 million economically active human resource pool thus retarding its development. This gave way to the 19th and 20th Century colonisation and massive plundering of the continent's resources, close to $1.8 trillion during 1885 to 1980.
Then the 1945 to 1990 cold war politics, Africa was a vital arena of geopolitical competition between US, USSR and allies, consequently plunging the continent into chronic anti-development regimes and retarded institutions.
In this article, I describe five specific signposts directing to potential African vulnerabilities to external powers who are currently rushing to erect their strategic postures on the continent for its vast …