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Abstract. Eavan Boland's poetry often includes images denoting transition. The women that appear in her poems frequently undergo experiences of change and evolution. The transitional element which so often pervades Boland's poetry is rooted in her personal experience as an Irish woman poet. In her childhood, Boland underwent the journey from Ireland to England. As a mature and married woman, she moved from the urban Dublin to the suburban Dundrum. Having imbibed the poetry of canonical Irish male poets, such as W.B. Yeats, she had to struggle to find her voice as an Irish female poet. Moreover, once she was a mother, she also became aware of the intergenerational transition and the exchange of roles ageing implies. These transitional instances can be appreciated in her thematic series of poems "Suburban Woman" (1975), "Suburban Woman: A Detail" (1983) and "Suburban Woman: Another Detail" (2001). Throughout this series of poems, thematically united, but published in different collections, Boland depicts transition as embodied by the same woman portrayed on three occasions at different points in her life. A close analysis of this series sheds light on the transition Eavan Boland underwent as a poet and as a woman.
Key Words. Transition, liminal images, female voice, domesticity, ageing, diachronic analysis.
Resumen. La poesia de Eavan Boland a menudo incluye imagenes que denotan transicion. Las mujeres que aparecen en sus poemas frecuentemente experimentan momentos de cambio y evolucion. El componente transicional que se advierte en la poesia de Boland tiene su origen en sus vivencias personales como mujer y poeta. Durante su infancia, Boland abandono Irlanda para irse a vivir a Inglaterra. Ya como mujer madura y casada, se traslado del ambiente urbano de Dublin a los barrios residenciales y rurales de Dundrum. Tras haber descubierto la poesia, eminentemente masculina, de la pluma de poetas como W.B. Yeats, Boland tuvo que encontrar su propia voz como mujer poeta irlandesa. Una vez se convirtio en madre, tomo conciencia de la transicion intergeneracional y el intercambio de roles implicitos en el proceso de envejecimiento. Estos ejemplos transicionales pueden apreciarse en la serie tematica de poemas "Suburban Woman" (1975), "Suburban Woman: A Detail" (1983) y "Suburban Woman: Another Detail" (2001). A lo largo de esta serie de poemas, unidos tematicamente, pero publicados en diferentes colecciones, Boland describe el concepto de transicion como personificado en la misma mujer, descrita en tres ocasiones diferentes a lo largo de su vida. El analisis de esta serie de poemas ilustra el concepto de transicion que Eavan Boland experimenta como poeta y mujer.
Palabras clave. Transicion, imagenes liminares, voz femenina, domesticidad, envejecimiento, analisis diacronico.
Many of Eavan Boland's poems appear to be located at transitional or liminal moments. The women that populate her poems often tend to make their appearance at dusk, or during the twilight that is formed when the day gives way to the night. This atmosphere of ambiguity and of blurring of certainties seems to be particularly voiced through her poetry, and in a way, it reflects the uneasy position that the author felt compelled to occupy in relation to the traditionally male-dominated Irish poetry and provided a way to establish her own identity as an Irish woman poet.
The concept of transition in the poetry of Eavan Boland may be rooted in the physical and, by extension, psychological exile that she underwent when she was only a child. Having been born in Dublin, Boland and her family had to move to London, since her father was an ambassador. This journey at the tender age of six exerted a deep influence on the poetry she would write in the future. Being Irish in an English environment proved no easy task, and she experienced some anti-Irish feeling at the school she attended from a teacher who disapproved of her marked Irish accent. This incident brought Boland to an awkward position in an alien environment, and reinforced identification with her Irish heritage. These circumstances in the early years of the author also led her to become aware of the dichotomy between English and Irish identities, and influenced the transitional space between her homeland and England. …