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(From The Yomiuri Shimbun/Daily Yomiuri)
WAR RESPONSIBILITY--delving into the past (4) / Tojo erases 'seeds for avoiding war'
Why did Japan initiate hostilities against the United States without rationally assessing whether it had the material capacity to fight such a war?
Senior army officers who supported the idea of going to war included Hajime Sugiyama, chief of the Army General Staff Office, Deputy Chief Osamu Tsukada and Shinichi Tanaka, chief of operations at the Army General Staff. At the midcareer level, Takushiro Hattori, chief of the Operations Section, and Kenryo Sato, chief of the Military Affairs Section, among others, supported the war.
In the navy, midcareer officers such as Naval Chief of Staff Adm. Osami Nagano and Shingo Ishikawa, chief of the Second Military Affairs Section, advocated going to war against the …