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Medicinal Parts: The medicinal parts are the roots and flowers.
Flower and Fruit: The flowers are in richly blossomed umbels with a short peduncle. The flowers are turned to one side and grow in clusters (up to 25) from the center of the leaf rosette. The calyx is cylindrical and appressed with a green margin. The remaining part of the calyx is yellow and is 12 to 15 cm long. The corolla is odorless, usually sulfur yellow, and has a tube with 5 triangular, orange spots. The fruit is an oval capsule with 1.5 to 2.5 mm-long brown, warty seeds.
Leaves, Stem, and Root: This 10 cm high plant is a herbaceous perennial with a short sturdy rhizome. The green plant parts are covered in 2-mm long segmented hairs. The leaves are revolute in the bud. They are wrinkled, ovate or ovate-oblong, and are rounded at the base. They narrow quickly to the winged stems. During the flowering season they are irregularly dentate with blunt teeth. They are 3 to 6 cm long during the flowering season, but grow larger later. The upper side of the leaf is glabrous.
Habitat: The plant is indigenous to all of Central Europe as far as the Southern European mountains. There are many subspecies.
Production: Cowslip flower consists …