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Alfalfa, Alfalfa Concentrate, Alfalfa Fortified, Alfalfa Natural, Alfalfa Organics, Alfalfa Whole Juice Concentrate Alfamin
Medicinal Parts: The medicinal parts are the whole flowering plant or the germinating seeds.
Flower and Fruit: The cloverlike flowers can be yellow to violet-blue. They are 9 to 10 mm long and appear in oblong, many-blossomed racemes. The fruit is a spiraled pod with 2 or 3 twists; the center is hollow and not thorny.
Leaves, Stem, and Root: The annual, succulent plant grows from 45 to 100 cm high. The stems are erect, smooth, and sharply angled. The leaves are trifoliate, petiolate, and alternate. The leaflets are thorny-tipped, dentate toward the front, obovate, and villous beneath. The stipules are ovate, lanceolate, slightly dentate, and acuminate.
Characteristics: The taste is unpleasantly salty, bitter, and dry.
Habitat: The plant is indigenous to the Mediterranean region and has been widely cultivated elsewhere for centuries.
Other Names: Buffalo Herb, Lucerne, Purple Medic, Purple Medick, Purple Medicle
ACTIONS AND PHARMACOLOGY
COMPOUNDS: IN THE FOLIAGE
Carotinoids: including among others, lutein
Triterpene saponins: sojasapogenols A-E aglycones medicagenic acid, hederagenin
Isoflavonoids: including among others, formononetin glycosides, genistein, daidzein
Coumestans: coumestrol, 3'-methoxy coumestrol, lucernol, sativol, trifoliol
Triterpenes: including among others, stigmasterol, spinasterol
Cyanogenic glycosides: corresponding to less than 80 mg HCN/100 g
COMPOUNDS IN THE SEEDS
Betaine: stachydrine, homostachydrine
The saponin contents act on the cardiovascular, …